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Forerunner and Follower Towns

Starting from urban logistics infrastructures, systems and services already in place and operational the Forerunner towns of Lucca, Trondheim and Den Bosch will play a motivational role and provide tangible and measurable demonstrations of the possible solutions and benefits that can be attained. Pilot operations will allow investigating all key aspects of interest for less experienced Followers towns, including organisational issues, operational schemes, enabling technologies, underlying service chains and business models, supporting public policies and institutional frameworks, etc. The demonstrations will provide a coherent set of usable town logistics design criteria and evaluation parameters, which will be then adapted against the specific goals, requirements and characteristics of the ENCLOSE Follower towns in order to develop local Sustainable Urban Logistic Plan (SULP) and the evaluation of energy efficiency and impacts.






Lucca (Italy)


Relevant small/medium historic town (80.000 population 8.000 living inside the walled centre). Commerce (1500 shops), services (27%). Town centre almost totally restricted to traffic (ZTL); Large controlled (AC) pedestrian area. Relevant tourists (currently increasing) flows. Specific access and parking regulations for commercial vehicles. Relevant impacts of freight traffic flows on the urban environment, safety, noise and heritage.

More information available on

www.comune.lucca.it (in Italian only)










Trondheim, Posten Norge, (Norway)

Norway’s most known historic town and ancient capital, with the regional official political organization and administration. About 156000 inhabitants. Trondheim also have good relations to other cities in the middle of Scandinavia as Østersund and Sundsvall in Sweden. The area in the inner city of Trondheim which the project will covers is about 1 km2 and Posten in this area serves 6134 households, offices and stores.

More information available on
www.trondheim.com  www.posten.no











s’Hertogenbosch (The Netherlands)



Capital of the province Noord-Brabant Burgundian town, 140.000 inhabitants and a rich culture history. Den Bosch is also a member of the Cities for Mobility http://www.cities-for-mobility.net/.


More information avaliable on www.s-hertogenbosch.nl











 Burgos (Spain)



Mid-sized city (180.000 inhabitants), situated in the North-central part of Spain in the region of Castilla-León. Historic centre population: 29.629 inhabitants. Pedestrianized city centre since 2006, covering 2,5 km2 in the down town; a bollard system enables access to residents as well as freight distribution vehicles, taxis, ambulances, etc. It is managed and controlled by a traffic room h24x7. There are currently around 250 shops in the area, a dozen of Hotels, and around two hundred bars or restaurants.


More information available on www.aytoburgos.es







Almada (Portugal)


Almada is located on the south bank of the Tagus River across from Lisbon. With 174.030 residents living in 72 km2, which includes two cities, suburban neighbourhoods and rural areas, Almada is one of the 18 municipalities that compose the Lisbon Metropolitan Region.
Almada local economy is primarily based on Tourism, Services and Public Administration. The region has important natural resources, several green protected areas with relevant biodiversity, geological sites of recognized importance, significant terrestrial, estuarine and marine ecosystems, etc. Almada's Atlantic Ocean beachfront extends for approximately 13 km and is a popular summertime destination for Lisbon residents as well as foreign visitors, receiving more than 8 million visitors each year that increasing the demand on tourism related services.
Within the Almada municipality territory lays Almada City. With nearly 100.000 inhabitants, Almada City is a modern, young and vibrant urban space. Thus, Almada territory lives the constant pressure of simultaneously making part of an intensively living metropolitan region while playing a major role as a touristic everyday destination.

More information available on www.cm-almada.pt








Dundee (UK)



Dundee is Scotland’s fourth largest city and is situated on the north coast of the mouth of the Tay Estuary with about 140.000 inhabitants. The city is located north east of the central belt of Scotland with Edinburgh lying 60 miles to the south, and Aberdeen 67 miles to the north. The City Centre is undergoing a very significant change with the implementation of the Central Waterfront Project and this includes the redevelopment of the city centre bringing it closer to the Tay Estuary (with creation of high class retail/ commercial/ residential buildings, including the prestigious Victoria and Albert Museum).


More information available on www.dundeecity.gov.uk/









Alba Julia (Romania)


Alba Iulia is an urban center, the capital of the county of Alba, legally and institutionally defined of tourist interests, with a population over 60,000 inhabitants.

More information available on www.apulum.ro/index-en.htm






Serres (Greece)


Serres is a mid-sized city in the region of Macedonia, in Northern Greece with about 60.254 inhabitants. The city presents a rich urban administrative and commercial centre. Offices, shops, museums, theatres, libraries, cultural entities, restaurants and bars make the city center active at a constant basis. Many students live in Serres (approx. 10.000) due to the presence of educational institutes. Urban freight distribution is performed by commercial fleet and cargo taxis. There are some small private agencies which provide transport and logistics services but their activity is in need of regulation as it contributes to traffic problems.


More information available on www.serres.gr







Balchik (Bulgaria)


The town is located just near the coast of Black Sea – NE Bulgaria panoramically viewed to the Bay of Balchik. It is well developed tourist centre with a lot of tourist attractions. 15000 in the calm season (twice to three times more ~35-45 000 during the tourist season). The logistics transportation is by private cars and urban transportation firms providing local and regional transportation, mainly by minibuses. This creates gas pollution, heavy traffic, great difficulties and limitations to the local people and tourists during the active season for parking places, etc.


More information avaliable on www.balchik.info/indexen.html